Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are a safe and effective method of birth control for women at high risk of sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy, according to a study published recently in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Previously, it had been believed that an increased risk of pelvic infections meant the devices were only appropriate for use by married, monogamous women. With this study, researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University have demonstrated that IUDs are appropriate methods of birth control for all women, except those suffering from an acute inflammation of the cervix.
Researchers studied two different models of T-shaped IUD to arrive at their conclusions — Paragard IUD and Mirena intrauterine system (UIS). The Mirena UIS, which unlike the Paragard model, steadily leeches a hormone, was noted to generally be better-tolerated among survey participants, with lower rates of complication.
IUDs are the most common form of reversible birth control worldwide.
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