Infections That Peak in the Spring and Summer: What Can Be Done to Avoid Them?

Disease, Hand, Foot, Mouth, Hfmd, Sick

Winter and illness seem to go hand-in-hand. Ordinarily, the cold months represent the height of flu season. In 2020, cold weather also ushered in the most deadly COVID surges. Surprisingly, however, some infections are actually more prevalent in the spring and summer, as we discuss below:


Although often seen in late winter, chickenpox tends to peak in the first few months of spring. Experts regard this as a seasonal illness, although many have been relieved to see vaccination efforts keep the spread to a minimum. Still, minor outbreaks continue to occur in April and May, Outbreaks are also common in autumn but tend to drop off during the summer.

Hand Foot and Mouth Disease

Common among children, hand foot and mouth disease can be a nightmare in a daycare or preschool environment. This sickness tends to peak in the summer. It typically involves lesions of the skin, which can vary both in terms of severity and location. Kids suffering this summer illness may experience fever or various symptoms associated with the common cold.

Because this disease is so common in hot weather, it’s important for those who contract it to stay hydrated. Prevention efforts should include frequent sanitization and hand-washing — especially after handling diapers

Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STDs such as gonorrhea see a dramatic rise during the summer months. Some researchers believe that this occurs due to a general increase in sexual activity among young people. Effective prevention may depend on increasing access to contraceptives during the summer, as well as springtime education about seasonal STD risk and options for protection.